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Learning Han-geul, the Korean alphabet reading practice [Part 1 & 2]

Updated: Jun 13, 2023

한글 Hangul, also known as Hangeul, is the Korean alphabet. It was created in 1443 by King Sejong the Great, the fourth king of the Joseon dynasty. Hangul is a phonetic alphabet, which means that each letter represents a sound. This makes it a very easy alphabet to learn, especially compared to other Asian writing systems like Chinese.


Hangul is made up of 24 letters, 14 consonants and 10 vowels. Each character represents a specific sound, and the shapes of the characters were designed to reflect the articulatory features of the sounds they represent.






Korean Alphabet
한글






Here, I have compiled some words to practice reading the Korean alphabet.

가 : ㄱ (g) + ㅏ(a) = 가 (ga)

가구

furniture

가지

egg plant

가수

singer

가면

mask

가치

worth




나: ㄴ (n) + ㅏ(a) = 나 (na)

나라

country, nation

나비

butterfly

나무

tree

나머지

remainder

나누기

division




다 : ㄷ(d) + ㅏ(a) = 다 (da)

다리

bridge

다수

many, majority

다리미

Iron

다람쥐

squirrel

다이아몬드

diamond




라: ㄹ(r/l) + ㅏ(a) = 라(ra)

라디오

Radio

라면

instant noondle

라벤더

lavender

라이터

lighter

라켓

racket





마: ㅁ (m) + ㅏ(a) = 마 (ma)

마음

heart, mind

마술

magic

마늘

garlic

마을

town, suburb

마침내

finally





바 : ㅂ (b) + ㅏ(a) = 바 (ba)

바보

fool, stupid

바다

ocean, sea

바닷가

beach, seashore, coast, seaside

바이올린

violin

바람

wind






사 : ㅅ (s) + ㅏ(a) = 사 (sa)

사랑

love

사람

person, people, human

사과

apple

사진

picture, photo

사진기

camera





아: o (silent) + ㅏ(a) = 아 (a)

아가씨

young lady

아줌마

middle-aged woman

아저씨

middle-aged man

아버지

father

아리랑

A-ri-rang Korean folk song




자 : ㅈ (j) + ㅏ(a) = 자 (ja)

자연

nature

자연스럽게

naturally

자전거

bicycle

자동차

car

자유

freedom





차 : ㅊ (ch) + ㅏ(a) = 차 (cha)

차도

road

차고

garage

차남

second son

차별

discrimination

차이점

difference





카 : ㅋ (k) + ㅏ(a) = 카 (ka)

카지노

casino

카리스마

charisma

카사블랑카

casa blanca

카메라

camera

카레

curry





타 : ㅌ (t) + ㅏ(a) = 타 (ta)

타조

ostrich

타지마할

the Taj Mahal

타이틀

title

타협

compromise

타악기

percussion




파 : ㅍ (p) + ㅏ(a) = 파 (pa)

파랑

blue

파뿌리

spring onion roots

파도

wave

파리

fly (insect)

파수꾼

guard, watch




하: ㅎ (h) + ㅏ(a) = 하 (ha)

하늘

sky

하루

a day

하나님

god

하마

hippo

하얀색

white color






Some additional facts about Hangul:
  • Hangul is the only writing system in the world that was designed by a single person.

  • Hangul is a featural writing system, which means that the letters represent the features of the sounds they represent. For example, the consonant letter "ㄱ" represents the back of the tongue, while the vowel letter "ㅏ" represents a high front vowel.

  • Hangul is a very efficient writing system. It is possible to write all of the sounds of the Korean language with only 24 letters.

  • Hangul is a beautiful and expressive writing system. It is often used in calligraphy and other forms of art.

[Source from Bard]


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