Learning Han-geul, the Korean alphabet reading practice [Part 1 & 2]
Updated: Jun 13
한글 Hangul, also known as Hangeul, is the Korean alphabet. It was created in 1443 by King Sejong the Great, the fourth king of the Joseon dynasty. Hangul is a phonetic alphabet, which means that each letter represents a sound. This makes it a very easy alphabet to learn, especially compared to other Asian writing systems like Chinese.
Hangul is made up of 24 letters, 14 consonants and 10 vowels. Each character represents a specific sound, and the shapes of the characters were designed to reflect the articulatory features of the sounds they represent.
Here, I have compiled some words to practice reading the Korean alphabet.
가 : ㄱ (g) + ㅏ(a) = 가 (ga)
나: ㄴ (n) + ㅏ(a) = 나 (na)
다 : ㄷ(d) + ㅏ(a) = 다 (da)
라: ㄹ(r/l) + ㅏ(a) = 라(ra)
마: ㅁ (m) + ㅏ(a) = 마 (ma)
바 : ㅂ (b) + ㅏ(a) = 바 (ba)
beach, seashore, coast, seaside
사 : ㅅ (s) + ㅏ(a) = 사 (sa)
person, people, human
아: o (silent) + ㅏ(a) = 아 (a)
A-ri-rang Korean folk song
자 : ㅈ (j) + ㅏ(a) = 자 (ja)
차 : ㅊ (ch) + ㅏ(a) = 차 (cha)
카 : ㅋ (k) + ㅏ(a) = 카 (ka)
타 : ㅌ (t) + ㅏ(a) = 타 (ta)
the Taj Mahal
파 : ㅍ (p) + ㅏ(a) = 파 (pa)
spring onion roots
하: ㅎ (h) + ㅏ(a) = 하 (ha)
Some additional facts about Hangul:
Hangul is the only writing system in the world that was designed by a single person.
Hangul is a featural writing system, which means that the letters represent the features of the sounds they represent. For example, the consonant letter "ㄱ" represents the back of the tongue, while the vowel letter "ㅏ" represents a high front vowel.
Hangul is a very efficient writing system. It is possible to write all of the sounds of the Korean language with only 24 letters.
Hangul is a beautiful and expressive writing system. It is often used in calligraphy and other forms of art.
[Source from Bard]